Periodontal disease, (also known as gum disease), is an infection of the gums and roots of the teeth. The main causes of this disease are poor oral hygiene and improper flossing. 

Improper dental hygiene can lead to the accumulation of bacteria at the base of the tooth, resulting in an inflammatory response in the gum area as a sign that the gums are fighting the plaque build-up. This can lead to gum recession over time as well as cause damage to the roots of the teeth, eventually resulting in tooth loss.

Although periodontal disease can be avoided, once it occurs it can begin to affect your overall health. The faster the body's inflammatory response, the quicker it creates a systemic impact on the whole body. That's why getting periodontal care is crucial to the health of your teeth and gums. 

The First Signs of Gum Disease 

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque building up at the base of your teeth. Because this buildup irritates the soft tissue of the gums, they become red and swollen. 

Other signs of gum disease are bad breath and bleeding gums when brushing. 

If left untreated, gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease

The Link Between Gum Disease And Diabetes 

As you may or may not know, the health of each part of the body influences our overall health. 

In the case of diabetes, studies have shown that inflammation of the gums increases blood sugar when bacteria from diseased gums enter the bloodstream. This causes the body to increase its blood sugar levels, which can lead to diabetes. 

At the same time, those already suffering from diabetes will be most affected as this will make it harder for them to control their blood sugar.

Link Between Periodontal Disease And Alzheimer's And Dementia 

Although it seems hard to believe, studies have shown that chronic periodontal disease is also linked to dementia. Specialists claim that bacteria entering the bloodstream through the gums create an inflammatory network that further leads to the production of toxic proteins in the brain associated with Alzheimer's.

Another connection to dementia can be explained by the creation of a systemic inflammatory state in the body. This leads to the same accumulation of toxic proteins that affect your brain. 

Precisely because those already affected by dementia find it hard to keep up with proper oral hygiene, it is important to watch out for them and notice the signs of the disease early on, and take action immediately.  

How to Prevent Periodontal Disease

Fortunately, it's not that hard to maintain your oral health. It just takes a bit of responsibility and diligence. 

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for 2-3 minutes; 
  • Floss your teeth (this helps to remove bacterial plaque from the base of the tooth;)
  • Maintain a healthy diet; 
  • Avoid harmful substances (tobacco, alcohol, drugs;)
  • Use mouthwash;
  • Don't forget to have your teeth checked by your dentist regularly. 

Get Periodontal Care from Poulos, Somers & Marshall  in Denver

Periodontal disease is not something to be taken lightly, and can come with many complications if not treated in time. At Poulos, Somers & Marshall, we offer excellent periodontal care to our patients as we have one of the best known and most respected periodontal practices in the country. 

Contact us now to schedule your appointment in Denver.